Fleas are able to sense an animal’s body heat, movement, and breathing in order to find places to live and breed. Fleas can be found on humans, cats, dogs, opossums, rats and other rodents. They are known to have incredible jumping power, jumping up to 150 times the length of their body to get to a new food source, making flea control a process that requires knowledge and the right tools.
Typically, a flea lives for about 100 days and can have more than twenty trillion babies in one year if conditions are right. Fleas go through four life cycle stages; egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The female feeds on blood, by which making her capable of reproduction and laying eggs. Eggs are laid in batches of up to 20 on the host itself. The eggs roll off the host and onto areas where the host rests and sleeps becoming the primary habitat of the eggs and developing young, so flea control focuses on these areas where fleas tend to gather. The eggs take two days to two weeks to hatch.
The flea larvae will emerge from the eggs to feed on any available organic material such as dead insects, feces, and vegetable matter.They hatch blind and avoid sunlight, keeping to dark places like sand, cracks and crevices and bedding. Given an adequate supply of food, larvae pupate and weave a silken cocoon within one to two weeks after going through three larval stages. After almost another two weeks, the adult Flea is fully developed and ready to emerge from the cocoon. They may remain resting during this period until they receive a signal that a host is near. Vibrations, heat and carbon dioxide are all stimuli indicating the probable presence of a host. Fleas are known to overwinter in the larval or pupae stages; waiting out the cold months for spring to arrive, requiring flea control measures to hunt down any stray larvae that may be around.
Once the flea reaches adulthood, its primary goal is to find blood and reproduce. They only have roughly one week to find food once they emerge from their cocoon. After that initial feeding, they can survive two months to a year between meals. A flea population grows unevenly, depending upon the conditions. Usually 50% of populations are the eggs, 35% larvae, 10% pupae, and 5% adults.
Contact Bama Pest Control today for assistance with flea control. Our complete measures involve an extensive on-site inspection and then full treatment to completely eliminate these pests from the premises.